Monday, May 25, 2020

Some Things Never Change - 863 Words

Some Things Never Change â€Å"Your sister is going to be live with us for a while.† These words spoken emotionlessly, hiding his contempt of the situation. His sky eyes betrayed him though. Neveah clutching tight into my chest, her fatty hands strong enough to leave marks. Her young soul tormented as she tries to assemble the pieces of her broken world. Running my fingers through her kinky golden hair, looking back at Connor,†Hey bud...Are you alright...?† I quickly came to the realization it was worthless, as he burrowed his head deeper in his lap,in the corner of the vehicle. Resembling an armadillo shielding himself from the surrounding trauma. â€Å"Well, at least I get to see my little sister..† This was the only joy I could draw from my thoughts on that unusually temperate Mother s Day. The one of the two days a year that â€Å"dear old dad† Would drag my little brother, Connor, and I to our mothers house, like cattle to a slaughterhouse. â€Å"Maybe she has finally changed† I prayed as Con-Con followed me across the threshold of her tiny decaying house. My senses were instantly under siege. Nostrils burning with the stench of cigarettes and mildew, eyes poisoned with clutter and the sores around mother s face. We would greet Mother as she tried to pretend that she was always in our life. Through dogging kisses and clutter, I finally laid eyes on my new love. My little sister Neveah. Perfect, Sky blue eyes with Tornado like dandelion yellow hair. At the age of two, the world isShow MoreRelatedSome Things Never Change, Kinda893 Words   |  4 PagesSome Things Never Change, Kinda When was the last time you wrote a formal letter to a colleague or family member? What did the greeting on the last card you sent say? For many of us, the art of writing formal correspondence ended with school mandated assignments. Very few of us will continue on in careers which would require us to produce lengthy reports or write formal letters frequently. It may be that we will provide the administrative staff with the skeleton of a formal letter and expect thatRead MorePre-Socratic View on Change-Motion Essay1716 Words   |  7 PagesPre-Socratic View on Change-Motion In our current times, we do not stop to think about or question change or motion in our material world. We now know that change and motion exist. Even if we as individuals don’t know the properties and processes that cause change or motion, we don’t doubt that they are possible, as science has proven that they are in fact plausible. However, information about change and motion has not always been so well defined. The unknown aspects of what caused change and motion,Read MoreTo Kill A Mockingbird Conformity Analysis1285 Words   |  6 Pagessaid, â€Å"conformity is jailer of freedom and the enemy of growth.† I happen to think this quote is very true, because if no one ever had a different opinion, then would anything ever change? Or would it all stay the same? Forever? The idea of conformity can be seen as a good, or a bad thing. In many cases it is a bad thing, as one idea that is wrong is the only one that people think is right. This can specifically be seen i n the novel To Kill A Mockingbird. Atticus, one of the main characters, needsRead MoreThe Influence of Art on Our World Essay985 Words   |  4 Pagessociety and inform human behavior. While it may seem to some that pictures, songs, and videos influence you the most, it is actually true that books are the most influential and informative because they get in touch with your mind and emotions. There are many people in this world and their are many forms of art. It is inevitable for everyone to have the same opinion on which form influences them the most, but nevertheless let me present you with some information. When you look at the Mona Lisa, by LeonardoRead MoreDont Fear Change Essay examples1215 Words   |  5 Pagesof many things such as death, heights, bugs, or public speaking; but the fear of change ranks high in the list of things that trigger anxiety (Radwan). Is there a reasonable answer why people neglect change nowadays? In fact, there is more than one answer to this question. Change has become such an important aspect of our everyday life that it is impossible to ignore. When it comes to the idea of change, most people will readily agree that some individuals try their hardest to avoid change. The reasonRead MoreEssay On Change A Significant Event721 Words   |  3 Pagesone could possibly go back and change a significant event, what would it be? Is there anyone out their who can honestly say they have no regrets. Personally, I don’t think there is, everyone makes mistakes and sometimes they can be so drastic that one just wants to start over. Although I have a couple regrets, I love myself all in all. If I could I would change just a few things because I believe your mistakes makes a person who they are. I regret a couple of things, one being the fact that I didn’tRead MoreThe Universal Declaration Of Human Rights1664 Words   |  7 PagesThe concept that morals are not inherent or universal but are developed by the necessities of a given society at any certain time, as presented in William Graham Sumner’s Folkways, is inadequate and displeasing. While some moral practices are relative to particular cultures, that does not mean that there are no rights that belong to everyone, nor does it mean that just because an activity is practiced that it is morally justifiable. Each human being is entitled to a certain set of liberties, whichRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie Pleasantville 1325 Words   |  6 PagesThis is shown when Bud and Mary Sue’s perfect family life falls apart, when their mother, Betty leaves them and their father to do things for themselves that she usually did. The father is confused and very upset about this because he is use to the way that things were. Obviously the mother was not happy with the way that things were, so it shows that even when things look like they are perfect it does not mean that they are. This shows that a family does not need to be a certain way to be a goodRead MoreHow Can You Ever Trust Anyone?1200 Words   |  5 Pagespeople could change or that they’re different and they won’t hurt you, but you’re wrong. No matter how hard you try, every single person on this planet can hurt you. And there’s nothing you can do to prevent it. In all actuality, I had begun to believe what I was being told and what I so ignorantly thought myself. It had all begun back at Eighth Grade Graduation. Well, to be honest, everything started in seventh grade when I finally let my guard down and let my heart be taken by some intriguing strangerRead More Interview Essay - Emelie Konold1046 Words   |  5 Pagesother people. I am never sad. She has many activities that contribute to her happiness. They include meeting and being with people, learning and taking classes, sewing, and basically keeping active. When asked how other peoples attitudes affect her, Emelie said that she is concerned when there is arguing, or when people are sad. In such a case, she will talk to them and make them feel at ease. It makes her happy to go to lunch and gab with her friends, but if she cant change the other persons

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Identifying Social Networking Strategy And Technology That...

1. Introduction: The purpose of this research is not to evaluate how many hoteliers vigorously using social media strategy, comparatively is to examine the area and objective of the issue why some hoteliers don’t understand and grasp the importance of social networking as a new tool of communication with its consumers or guests. Recommending solution to this issue that can help different hotelier to implement social networking strategy and technology that can boost up their occupancy rate, repeat-purchase and customer loyalty. †¢ Justification: In service industry (Hotel Tourism) many Hotelier’s at present day banks upon social media to connect and interact with its customers. It is important for hotel industry to comprehend this experience and acclimate to this new form marketing and communication technology. With growth in consumer base and new generation been a part of new personnel, it is legitimate to conclude social networking strategy or social media tool to the hotel business to embellish the future. 1. A: Aim: 1. B: Identification of Contemporary Issues in Hotel Industry. †¢ Issue: Some Hoteliers find it difficult to understand the importance and implementation of Social media strategy for their Business. †¢ Management area issue: Social Networking Marketing and Technology 2. Issue Explanation: 2.1: Some Hoteliers find it difficult to understand the importance and implementation of Social media strategy for their Business. A. What are factors or difficultiesShow MoreRelatedA Comprehensive Analysis of Hyatt Hotels Corporation and How It Relates to Competition Within the Hotel Industry27390 Words   |  110 PagesSegment 3 Technology Segment 7 Economic Segment 11 Political / Legal Segment 14 Socio-cultural Segment 16 Nature Segment 18 Global Segment 19 Industry Environment 21 Intensity of rivalry 21 Supplier power 22 Buyer Power 22 Threat of substitutes 22 Threat of new entrants 23 Competitor Environment 23 Introduction 24 Future objective 25 Current strategy 26 Capability 28 Assumption 30 Driving Forces 31 Economic growth 31 Globalization 31 Technology 32 RoomRead MoreManaging Information Technology (7th Edition)239873 Words   |  960 PagesInformation Technology Platform CASE STUDY I-2, Inc.: Deciding on the Next Steps for a VoIP Supplier CASE STUDY I-3 The VoIP Adoption at Butler University CASE STUDY I-4 Supporting Mobile Health Clinics: The Children’s Health Fund of New York City CASE STUDY I-5 Data Governance at InsuraCorp CASE STUDY I-6 H.H. Gregg’s Appliances, Inc.: Deciding on a New Information Technology Platform CASE STUDY I-7 Midsouth Chamber of Commerce (B): Cleaning Up an InformationRead MoreStrategic Marketing Management337596 Words   |  1351 Pagesreproduce any part of this publication should be addressed to the publisher Permissions may be sought directly from Elsevier’s Science Technology Rights Department in Oxford, UK: phone: ( 44) 1865 843830, fax: ( 44) 1865 853333, e-mail: You may also complete your request on-line via the Elsevier homepage (, by selecting ‘Customer Support’ and then ‘Obtaining Permissions’ British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is availableRead MoreCrossing the Chasm76808 Words   |  308 Pagespublished in 1991 by HarperBusiness, a division of HarperCollins Publishers. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 To Marie Contents PREFACE TO THE REVISED EDITION FOREWORD ACKNOWLEDGMENTS PART I Discovering the Chasm INTRODUCTION If Bill Gates Can Be a Billionaire 1 High-Tech Marketing Illusion 2 High-Tech Marketing Enlightenment PART II Crossing the Chasm 3 The D-Day Analogy v vi Contents 4 Target the Point of Attack 5 Assemble the Invasion Force 6 DefineRead MoreCase Study148348 Words   |  594 PagesInstructor’s Manual Exploring Strategy Ninth edition Gerry Johnson Richard Whittington Kevan Scholes Steve Pyle For further instructor material please visit: ISBN: 978-0-273-73557-1 (printed) ISBN: 978-0-273-73552-6 (web) ï £ © Pearson Education Limited 2011 Lecturers adopting the main text are permitted to download and photocopy the manual as required. Pearson Education Limited Edinburgh Gate Harlow Essex CM20 2JE England and Associated CompaniesRead MoreLibrary Management204752 Words   |  820 Pages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Mission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Goals, Themes, and Directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 Objectives, Initiatives, Pathways, and Strategies . . . . 111 Activities, Tasks, and Initiatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 Evaluation—Accountability in Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 Planning Hierarchy—An Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 Conclusion . . . . . . . Read MoreFundamentals of Hrm263904 Words   |  1056 Pagesthe Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774, (201)748-6011, fax (201)748-6008, website To order books or for customer service please , call 1-800-CALL WILEY (225-5945). DeCenzo, David A, Robbins, Stephen P. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management—10th ed. ISBN-13 978-0470-16968-1 Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Brief Contents Read MoreProject Mgmt296381 Words   |  1186 PagesG.7 Political and social environments F.1 Integration of project management processes [3.1] 6.5.2 Setting a schedule baseline [8.1.4] Setting a resource schedule Resource leveling 7.2 Setting a cost and time baseline schedule (1.3.5) [8.1.3] Critical chain method Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Reducing Project Duration Leadership Chapter 2 Organization Strategy and Project Selection 1.4 Projects and programs (.2) 1.4.1 Managing the portfolio 1.4.3 Strategy and projects 2.3Read MoreProject Managment Case Studies214937 Words   |  860 Pagesorwritten sales materials. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for your situation. You should consult with a professional where appropriate. Neither the publisher nor author shall be liable for any loss of profit or any other commercial damages, including but not limited to special, incidental, consequential, or other damages. For general information on our other products and services or for technical support, please contact our Customer Care Department within the United States

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Modernism Essay - 801 Words

Modernism â€Å"An inclination to subjective distortion to point up the evanescence of the social world of the nineteenth century bourgeoisie.† -Barth, â€Å"Literature of Replenishment† ( Modernism was rebellion against not only the repressive principles of the Victorian era but also the emergence of the fast-changing, materialistic corporate society. The period preceding modernism held up Victorian virtues, which accepted the worldview of everything being ordered, neat, stable, and meaningful. While fundamentally optimistic, Victorian culture featured hypercritical moralism as it had a very narrow, strict†¦show more content†¦Stream-of-consciousness writing employed by Joyce and Woolf and other expressions of inward consciousness in narration threw asunder the safeguard of the reliability of the narrator and required active contemplation by the readers. Perspective assumed a far greater importance in literature as writers offered more impressionistic work without omniscient narrators and clean resolutions. The proliferation of the experimental spirit in modernist works of literature often alienated popular readership, and such exclusivity served as a mark of quality to a certain extent as it went in hand with the modernist intellectuals’ disdain towards the mass-consumption-driven popular culture. Modernist intellectuals rejected popular culture, as they perceived that creating work that would be universally accepted often involved certain sacrifices of their genius and ultimately degraded art. The movement was certainly not egalitarian in nature. Modernism in fact strayed away from the idea of thinking in terms of groups, opting instead to focus on the individual. It strove for self-knowledge, and the almost narcissistic interest in the self led to the â€Å"spiritual alienation, self-exile, and cultural criticism† that pervaded the period. The place that Hemingway and Fitzgerald occupied in literary modernism is difficult to pinpoint. They both dabbled with modernist writing styles earlierShow MoreRelatedModernism : Modernism And Modernism901 Words   |  4 Pagesmoving from Modernism to Postmodernism. Modernism s birth is somewhat controversial but our text puts it at 1910. Paul Cezanne, who was closely tied with Cubism, has been credited as one of the fathers of Modernism. A lot was changing during this period which produced a slew of new styles such as, Post Impressionism, Symbolism, and Surrealism to name a few. Modernism thrived from the early 20th century until the period denoted by World War II at which point it fell out of favor. Modernism was characterizedRead MoreModernism And Modernism : Postmodernism And Postmodernism1632 Words   |  7 PagesModernism is what most people describe as what came before postmodernism. For this essay I will first be looking at what the meaning of modernism and postmoder nism is and I will also be looking at the different factors of both modernism and postmodernism and why modernism has declined and has been rejected. I will also be researching on how modernism and postmodernism started and why it started and for this I will be looking at different characteristic of both modernism and post modernism and compareRead MorePost Modernism Modernism1876 Words   |  8 Pagesis looking at the world producing different knowledge in different ways and this different perspective come to be associated with their own concepts amp; theories. (Hatch amp; Cunliffe 2006) In my essay, I will use three perspectives which is modernism, symbolic interpretive and postmodernism and show their different views on the role of technology in organisations and why they hold them. Then, I will analyse each perspective to what they have to say on this issue and why do they say it. TheRead MoreModernism Movement : High And Low Modernism1277 Words   |  6 Pagesthem was more influential? An evident answer to these questions is through the exploration of Modernism movement: High and Low Modernism. World War I not only stimulated rapid advances in human technologies but also aroused new radical approaches to the political, industrial and social world. As consequences to these approaches, the ideology for â€Å"history and tradition† had been crucially challenged. Modernism is a movement with collections for activities and creations that explicitly rejecting the existedRead MoreModernism And Modernism Essay1885 Words   |  8 Pagesthey effected the period in which they were born. From doing this, we can show the impact of them effected not only in the sixties, but also today. The first genre of fiction that was born during these times was Postmodernism. Its predecessor, Modernism, also came from the events that were happening around the world, especially through the newfound interconnectedness with different nations through new technological communications, and through easier and safer travel. Through this, the world experiencedRead MoreModernist Modernism : High Modernism Vs. Low Modernism1944 Words   |  8 Pages Modern or Modernist? High Modernism vs. Low Modernism Damian Sun 1238719 University of Waikato â€Æ' Modernism was a movement that was developed during the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century. Modernism developed due to the changes happening in societies at the time. Around the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century there was a rise in the industrial society’s where there were advancements in technologies and machines, and a rapid growths in cities. This lead to aRead MoreThemes of Modernism859 Words   |  4 PagesThemes of Modernism The term Modernism refers to the shift in values and cultural awareness that appeared in the art and literature of the post- World War One period. Modernism showed that there had been a change since the previous Victorian period. The Victorian era and its literature showed a very optimistic outlook on life, but the new era of Modernism rejected this idea and chose to portray life to be extremely pessimistic. Many of the Modern writers showed the world and society to be in anRead MoreModernism Essay1103 Words   |  5 Pagesand the understanding of self. They explored the ideas of consciousness, alienation, and inner conflict within the mind, and asked important questions of the reader while testing the boundaries of the soul. Susan Gorsky, perfectly defines literary modernism, in her book Virginia Woolf In striving to present the rapid and often disturbing changes in their world, the writers of this era felt it essential to reform their means of expression. Poetry, Drama, and fictio n were subjected to intensive scrutinyRead MoreEssay on Difference of Modernism and Post Modernism931 Words   |  4 Pages Modernism and Post Modernism Have you ever wondered what the differences are between the modernism and post modernism? It seems like it would be easy to describe what they are by the words and what they are usually associated with. Yet, it’s actually a lot different then your thinking. Modernism is the movement in visual arts, music, literature, and drama, which rejected the old Victorian standards of how art should be made, consumed, and what it should mean. Modernists want the absolute truthRead MoreElements of Modernism546 Words   |  2 PagesPeople were questioning the old school of thought and new philosophies were born. New forms of art, music and literature emerged to reflect these changes in thought called modernism. William Faulkners novel As I Lay Dying displays many elements of the modernist form in literature. Fragmentation is a prevalent element of modernism in As I Lay Dying. The novel is written as a narrative told by several people, each presenting their personal point of view. The reader must take into account that first

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Where Are You Going, Whre Have You Been free essay sample

Everything about her had two sides to it, one for home and one for anywhere that was not home†(1369), this character, Connie, in â€Å"Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? † by Joyce Carol Oates, is depicted as a self-centered, condescending, insecure fifteen year old girl growing into a woman. Connie comes off as a troubled young girl who consistently uses her sexuality for attention but at the same time is afraid of intimacy. This is said be due to her fractured relationships with her family; her frequent excursions with older boys that appeared to not have any interest after the first encounter with them. The impatience she had for adulthood along with her bad decision making causes Connie to face â€Å"an old fiend†. What Connie fails to see is that she is all around evil and doesn’t even know it until the signs are staring her in the face. There were several clues in this story that portrayed evil in its own sense. Throughout the story Connie’s every waking moment was surrounded by music, mainly rock and roll. Oates was influenced to write this story by a Bob Dylan song â€Å"It’s all over now, baby blue† (1367). Bob Dylan was a rock and roll star who used music to express young love, the stresses of adolescence and automobiles, all of which American teenagers during that time were focusing on. Rock and roll was popular back in the 60’s and the majority of teenagers were listening to the â€Å"music that made everything so good† (1369). My mom had told me that back in those times, parents disliked their children listening to rock and roll because of the hidden â€Å"satanic† messages that apparently could be heard if you played the record backwards. But what teenager listens to their parents at such an influencing age? Connie stumbles upon evil when she had gone out with her friend to the drive-in restaurant. Oates wrote how Connie met up with Eddie at the restaurant and spent hours with this young boy doing things she had no business doing. While she had been hanging out with Eddie, an attractive Bob Dylan look alike said to her â€Å"Gonna get you, baby† (1369; I believe she chose to overlook this as nothing being that she knew that she was wrong or she was clueless as most teenagers are at this age. This was a sign to let her know she better slow it down or â€Å"it† was all going to catch up to her sooner or later. Oates brings Arnold into play as to symbolize pop culture and evil. As the story progressed more allusions of evil are revealed when Arnold Friend unexpectedly shows up at Connie’s ouse. Everything about Arnold is completely backwards; from his rattletrap, to the way he walked, talked, to his physical appearance. Arnold’s bright gold jalopy,†that caught the sun opaquely† (1371), and the music that was playing epitomized Satan; in The Bible, Lucifer was the angel of light and music before he fell to sin and became Satan. This is what I meant that evil has two sides; a lthough Satan is evil he knows how to appear to be good; however, he cannot portray good for very long because it is an un-natural behavior for him. The physical appearance of Arnold Friend, his â€Å"shaggy, shabby black hair that look crazy as a wig,† (1371) his nose â€Å"long and hawk-like,† (1372) and his eyes that â€Å"were like chips of broken glass† (1373) all indicate that he was a fiendish demon. â€Å"His whole face was a mask she thought wildly, tanned down onto his throat but then running out as if he had plastered make-up on his face but had forgotten about his throat† (1376). This implies that Arnold was not at all human, and he used the mask to cover up his identity from Connie. Also, his boots â€Å"must have been stuffed with something so that he would seem taller† (1377). This part of the story was also inspired by the serial Killer Charles Schmid (1370), who murdered three females back in 1966. Charles Schmid used these same physical characteristics to lure females into his car. He was also short and stuffed his boots with newspaper or tin cans to appear taller, as does Arnold in this story. Arnold stood â€Å"in a strange way, leaning back against the car as if he were balancing himself’, this is also suggested that he had hoofs like that of Satan. In response to Connie’s question, â€Å"Whats all that stuff painted on your car? †(1372) Arnold tells her his name is painted on the car â€Å"ARNOLD FRIEND†, this is was quite complex, Arnold Friend, is an awkward name to have first of all; However, there was a significant meaning to it in relation to something evil. As I assessed the reading and stumbled upon a few responses from students who have read this story before, a majority of them came up with â€Å"an old fiend† or â€Å"an old friend†, this seemed to be a sensible translation in that the devil was the first person to befriend man in the Garden of Eden. Same thing Arnold is trying to do here â€Å"I’m Arnold Friend and that’s my real name and I’m gonna be your friend† (1372). Oates points out the hidden evilness that continues on when Arnold tells Connie that the numbers â€Å"33, 19, 17† are a secret code, but a secret code to what exactly? This insinuated a specific passage in The Bible, 33rd book backwards of the Old Testament, Judges 19:17 â€Å"And when he had lifted up his eyes, he saw a wayfaring man in the street of the city: and the old man said, Whither goest thou? and whence comest thou? † The ending of the passage translates to â€Å"Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? the title of this short story. The number also could possibly interpret the sexual symbol â€Å"69† in relation to the sexual deviances of Arnold Friend and Charles Schmid, who use sexual images to lure women into their lies. Along with the many phrases that were written on Arnolds car was â€Å"MAN THE FLYING SAUCERS†¦an expression kids had used the year before† (1373) which is meant to be of something out of the norm â€Å"she looked at for a while as if the words meant something to her that she did not know yet† (1373). At this point Connie senses something is odd with these â€Å"boys†. Ellie Oscar is to distract Connie from noticing Arnolds scheming words because Arnold knows that Connie is fascinated with music and makes it clear â€Å"Hey, Ellie’s got a radio, see† (1371), he knows music relaxes her. Arnold thinks if Connie is relaxed she will believe every word he says. Ellie also comes off as some rock star look alike with his popped collar shirt, just like how Charles Schmid was trying to make his lips look like that of Elvis Presley. Arnold and Ellie tried to portray as Connie’s fantasies of older â€Å"boys†, loud rock and roll music and wild cars. A few comments from other students is that Ellie could have also portrayed to be â€Å"Godlike† due to the fact that at one point he tried to help Connie â€Å"You want that telephone pulled out? †, this could mean that where there evil there is also good. Everything that Arnold Friend does in this story seemed forced, particularly the way he talked, both in tone and style of speaking, â€Å"†¦He said in a rapid meaningless tone of voice, as if he were running through all the expression he’d learned but was no longer sure which one of them was in style, then rushing on to new ones, making them up with his eyes closed† (1378). Sounding like the DJ on the radio was a way of making Connie listen to him because as I said before, back then parents did not want their children listening to that sort of music. Arnold was the radio, he was the music, he represented all the wrong that Connie was doing in her life; everything she adored, fantasized and day dreamed about daily was all Arnold Friend. Unfortunately she is faced with the ruthless realities of adulthood, which offesr no justice to her fantasies. Connie’s situation is best described in Bob Dylan’s song â€Å"It’s All Over Now, Baby Blue,† which is what inspired Oates in this story: â€Å"Leave your stepping stones behind, something calls for you Forget the dead youve left, they will not follow you The vagabond whos rapping at your door Is standing in the clothes that you once wore Strike another match, go start a new And its all over now, Baby Blue†, In the conclusion of this story is that we know what Connie has gone through up until her challenge with Arnold Friend. We establish that evil comes in all different shapes and sizes; and even sounds such as music in this case. We see the â€Å"stepping stones† she comes across on the road to adulthood. Do we know where she is going? No, we don’t know where she going or where her fate lies but that is the mystery of this remarkable story.

Friday, April 10, 2020

Ethical Issue free essay sample

Currently involved in a legal battle originating from allegations that the company unethically pursued clinical trials in an impoverished nation, which resulted in the death of 11 Nigerian children as well as causing deafness, blindness, and paralysis in many other children puts Pfizer under a microscope of ethical scrutiny. The purpose of this paper is to examine the issues behind the ethics of the clinical trial in Nigeria including what caused the deficiencies in ethical standards, what were the ethical decision-making systems in place at the time of the issue and what roles did management and executives have in the situation. A proposal of a plan on how to avoid the same ethical dilemma from happening again, incorporating both a perspective and psychological approach, becomes the final focus of this paper. The Ethical Issue Defined Obtaining Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for clinical trials in the United States has many stages and costs pharmaceutical companies millions. We will write a custom essay sample on Ethical Issue or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Reproducing a drug is a relatively low-cost undertaking after establishment in the mainstream market, but to develop a new drug can cost as much as $500 million (Pagnattaro, 2005). Pfizer’s testing took place in 1996, when an epidemic of bacterial meningitis, measles, and cholera occurred in Kano, an impoverished Nigerian city,† (Pagnattaro, 2005, p. 171). The issue has many ethical sub-issues in the situation in which Pfizer conducted a clinical trial in Nigeria that would never meet approval in America, some of which include the following: * The control group received an established drug but at a lower-dosage level than was the standard prescription. * Pfizer sought consent from parents of the hildren participants even though the parents did not read English, understand the potential risks involve, or that they could even deny participation, and the non-test subjects received a different drug altogether from Doctors Without Borders as approved by the World Health Organization (Pagnattaro, 2005). * No dissemination of information about a previous animal trial of Trovanâ„ ¢ suggesting high-risk side effects if given to children occurred. * Practitioners and trial administrators for Pfizer failed to use standard protocols of following up with test subjects to ensure they were not acquiring side effects to the trial drugs. Pfizer allegedly forged documents giving them approval by the Nigerian government and the Nigerian medical ethics committees after the children died, nearly a year after the trial administration. At the time, the trial was taking place the Nigerian medical ethics committee did not yet exist. Examination of Pfizer Organizational Role Pfizer’s two primary ethical systems used to justify the Nigerian drug trial were consequentialism (goal-based) and entitlement-based approaches. They viewed the choice to justify using an experimental drug in an under-developed country because it would help them save lives in the long as well as speeding up the process of gaining market approval and mass access to the drug, which is goal-based theorem. The entitlement-based system result in their belief that they did not have to follow proper protocols and international guidelines because they were a powerful pharmaceutical company and this was a rural foreign area with high death rates from the diseases they were testing against, regardless to Pfizer’s involvement. Therefore, the organization believed they right was to go forward on a risky trial despite other repercussions. Unfortunately, for the organization, it seems most of the wrongdoings and bad judgments came from executives in the research and development department, and there is some evidence of knowledge at the middle management level in clinical trial units. The executives and middle managers made decisions to administer Trovanâ„ ¢ in Nigeria, to falsify documents and not to follow global standards for clinical drug trials. The role of these upper-level employees caused the entire organization to receive a bad reputation as well as a formal government review of their ethical standards in all business operations (Wise, 2001). Plan for Ethical Issue Resolution Society has a global need and an ethical obligation to protect all persons entering clinical trials regardless of where those trials take place. Perhaps the best way to achieve this would come from reforming the way large transnational businesses conduct themselves in foreign relations. The creation of an international business community, one in which standardized practices and ethics seek development and companies doing business throughout the world reach accountability for their practices, would make it easier for global companies to uphold the ethical practices. Therefore, firms achieve accountability for their actions as well as making it easier to control the business practices of their worldwide branches (Logsdone amp; Wood, 2005). The first step in this process; develop a code of conduct that translates from smaller, local branches to large international branches of an organization with clarity of the character and integrity of the core values expressed by the company (Logsdon amp; Wood, 2005). After the development of this code, dissemination of these values and principles must effectively communicate and efficiently demonstrate to all levels of employees what to do when making ethical decisions. Completing this communication in such a manner that employees are precisely aware of the guidelines within the conduct standards, which these values and principles apply to; and with what expectations for conformance and compliance the corporation deems pertinent (Logsdon amp; Wood, 2005). In addition, the company needs to build in to its core values the idea that diversity between cultures showing they value and respect these differences, which taken into account regularly in the business practices of the company will aid in ethical decision-making processes (Logsdon amp; Wood, 2005). Even when the prevalent regulations are permissive or absent, the code must clearly reflect to stakeholders, executives, and employees at all levels that the highest integrity employed must happen in all their business dealings. This is particularly true if these values and principles become the standard for company practices, which will achieve a high transparency with consumers, resulting with an increase in the level of accountability for the company. The best prescriptive approach to implement the changes in resolving this ethical issue for Pfizer is a deontological approach, which would focus on honesty and fairness of the situation from a virtuous perspective. Whereas, the duty of the clinical researchers derives its merits on the Hippocratic Oath to fully inform the participants (or parents of minors) about the possible side effects of any trial drug clearly to the fullest understanding of the patient. What kind of world would it be if researchers were routinely dishonest? It would be one where we simply could not rely on the integrity of scientific research,† (Trevino amp; Nelson, 2007, p. 100). Using duty-based deontology or the Golden Rule, clinical researchers would not want trials conducted on their own children without full disclosure of possible side effects; therefore, they should not conduct experiments without giving full disclosure to patients. The best psychological approach for this situation comes from the post-conventional level of cognitive moral development. In instituting, a Global Business Community (GBC) stage five of Kohlberg’s moral stages enhances any prescriptive approach by upholding the deontology as a higher order than any social laws (Trevino amp; Nelson, 2007). The focus on justice and what is right for all transnational pharmaceutical organizations would apply to the standards, rules, ethics, and values upheld regardless of where the clinical trials take place. If a particular location has no regulations on conducting clinical trials, no Internal Review Boards, or oversights on medical research Pfizer would hold them accountable to the standard set forth by the GBC, which would achieve guidelines no less a stringent as they are in the United States trials. Conclusion Many world organizations that have set standards for international clinical trials of new market entry drugs to help ensure all participants, regardless of where they live, receive ethical treatment; but each country has to choose to embrace and enforce these guidelines to obtain maximum protection. With both a prescriptive and psychological approaches, Pfizer can avoid making the same unethical decisions as they did with this particular situation. This paper thoroughly defined and examined Pfizer ethical dilemma in testing Trovanâ„ ¢ in a foreign country as well as laying out a plan to help avoid committing the same ethical violations in the future. Ultimately, this paper shows that serious ethical breaches occurred during the Nigerian trial of Pfizer’s drug Trovanâ„ ¢ with a better awareness of internal organizational ethical systems, and with a plan for conducting global drug trial this unfortunate situation will never happen again.

Monday, March 9, 2020

How to Answer “Where Do You See Yourself in 5 Years”

How to Answer â€Å"Where Do You See Yourself in 5 Years† When you’re sitting in an interview, there’s a good chance that most of your mental real estate lately has been going toward this day. So when the interviewer asks you where you see yourself in five years, it can be a bit of a jolt to suddenly think about the long term. Knowing the reasoning behind it and doing some prep ahead of time, you can be ready to handle this one like a pro on interview day. 1. DO understand why you’re being asked.Five years is a long time away from now. We’ll have a different president, and maybe hoverboards will finally be a reality. (A gal can hope, right?) The interviewer isn’t asking you to predict fashion trends or whatever social media scene will replace Instagramming your food. Rather, he or she is trying to do two things: 1) gauge your commitment to this job; and/or 2) see what kind of ambitions you hold dear to your heart. So while thinking about society’s future might be fun, focus your thoughts on your pro fessional development.2. DON’T exaggerate, even to yourself.â€Å"Running this place† is not an answer that will get you in the door. Think about where you realistically see yourself. Are you mid-management now, and see yourself higher up that ladder? Are you just starting out, but you’d like to be managing others in five years? Those are realistic goals. Assuming you’ll be the next CEO is, well, not. (Unless you’re interviewing right now to be the CEO, in which case this is a totally valid response.) Well before interview day, think about what you want out of this job, and what it would mean for your future.3. DO emphasize the experience angle over the job title.In my experience, job titles are too much of a moving target, even within a company. Positions are created, changed, and reimagined all the time. Rather than strain to figure out what your business cards will say, talk about what you hope to have achieved in the meantime. â€Å"I see myse lf as having deep expertise in this field, and this position is the way to do that.† Or â€Å"I would like to be taking the lead on projects, and become a great manager like the ones I’ve had along the way.†4. DON’T be brutally candid.If you’re interviewing for a receptionist position with a financial company when you’re really hoping to become an assistant at a music company, this is not the time to come clean and advertise that fact. The interviewer is spending a lot of time and energy on this hiring process, and him or her knowing that you’re only doing this as a Plan B is not going to get you any bonus points. So while you should never lie to answer this question, and say that all you’ve ever wanted is to be answering phones at BankCorp in five years, you can talk around that. Emphasize the skills you’d like to gain in this position, and talk about how you’re looking forward to growing roots and developing as a professional.5. DO emphasize your commitment for the long haul.Again, the interviewer is looking to confirm that you’re not a flight risk or someone who will give half-hearted effort to this job. While you talk about your goals for the next five years, make sure you emphasize how this position and this company will help you achieve that- and perhaps more importantly, emphasize what you bring that will help the company move forward in that time as well.You don’t need a crystal ball to answer this question- just some forward-looking talking points that show you’re the right person for this company, for the right reasons.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Marketing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3250 words

Marketing - Essay Example ations and it has been suggested that they should enter this market using the joint venture route with a local partner and leverage their capabilities by organizing a good supply chain. Tesco is the largest retail chain in the UK with over 11% share of the market and still growing. It is by far the most successful, most resourceful and most profitable of them all. It 2006 sales, worldwide were  £ 40 billion with profits of  £ 1.8 billion. Of this turnover 75% was generated in the UK and the rest overseas. The UK market is reaching saturation as well as referrals to the Competition Commission may see it slowing expansion or even curtailing some operations in the UK. This gives it the impetus for overseas growth. It is already planning to open up a 100 stores in the US in 2007 but Asia Pacific and especially India holds a great charm due to the huge potential in that region. Tesco covers food, clothing, home-use products and electronics. It keeps expanding its product range and it has a penchant for introducing new sales and channel formats. It is already deep into hypermarkets, supermarkets, convenience stores and petrol retailing. It is less into product innovations but more into retail innovations that has seen it entering into high level Personal Finance, Telecoms, on-line service and most recently the Tesco Direct catalogue. (Euromonitor International). The company presently offers the customers a varied choice of both branded and private label products. It offers amazing discounts to its customers and 1999 was a landmark year where it invested  £ 380 millions bringing about price reductions across five separate campaigns. As a result prices were reduced for thousands of products by about 10%. Besides, over 200 stores operated 24x7 to offer its Club card holding customers fantastic deals. The company’s mission statement states that it endeavors to continuously create value for customer for earning lifetime loyalty. To this end its offers value